Ramón Spaaij

Professor Ramón Spaaij is a sociologist based at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia, and the Utrecht University School of Governance, the Netherlands. Dr Spaaij is a globally recognised expert on terrorists acting alone or in small groups. He is the author of The Age of Lone Wolf Terrorism (Columbia University Press, 2017, with Mark S. Hamm) and Understanding Lone Wolf Terrorism: Global Patterns, Motivation and Prevention (Springer, 2012). Dr Spaaij has an extensive record of research partnerships with government and industry. He contributes regularly as an academic expert, speaker, and educator to the United Nations, Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN), national governments, police forces, and community organisations. Dr Spaaij co-leads the Applied Security Science Partnership (ASSP), comprising academics, Victoria Police, Defence Science Technology (DST), and community groups, working collaboratively to enhance understanding of terrorism and violent extremism.